Monasteries and temples in Mongolia
Introduction - Ulaanbaatar -
Bayankhongor Aimag - Bulgan Aimag
- Dornogov Aimag - Khentii Aimag
Khövsgöl Aimag - Övörkhangai
Aimag - Selenge Aimag - Töv Aimag
To be able to see the Mongolian Cyrillic
alphabet please download the
During communist purges in the 1930´s most monasteries in Mongolia
have been destroyed. Monks have been killed or taken to Siberia, to be never
heard from again. Since the fall of communism however there is a real revival of
Buddhism taking place. Lama´s are trained again, old monasteries are being
restored or rebuild at a different place and new monasteries arise.
On this website you will find a, far from complete, overview
of monasteries in Mongolia.
In general a monastery would consist of various buildings on a compound. One
of these buildings is the main temple, where often - though not always - the
main ceremonies take place. Like the door of a ger, the entry of a temple should
be pointing to the south.
Gandantegchinlin Khiid - Active monastery
- Dashchoilon Khiid (:gixkalky
hna;) - Active monastery - The monastery was reopened on
July 6 1990. On every 29th of the lunar month the sakhius (vghnev)
ritual is performed. Its appearance is rather striking, the main temples are
big stone gers which used to belong to the circus.
Gesar Süm (Utvtj
vob) - Active monastery
- Lamrim Süm - Active monastery
Bakula Rinpoche Khiid
- Active monastery
- Otochmaaramba Khiid
- Dambadarjaa Khiid (:gbdg;gjrgg
- Öndör Geegen Zanabazar Monastery. Founded in 1970,
there is a university and a library. (Greenway e.a. 1997: 129)
- Deedbod Khiid. Located in the Yarmag
There are three nunneries in the city of Ulaanbaatar.
Another one is located about fifty kilometers outside of the city.
- Naro Khajid Khiid is
located on the Westside of Ulaanbaatar in the Bayangol district, the
"leader" of the monastery is Bassuvd and is supposed to be under
influence of Guru Deva rinpoche.
- Tara - Enkh - Located in Bayanzurkh
district. The abbot's name was Padmatsetseg, but it is recently purchased by
the FPMT who want to raise another nunnery.
- Tugsbayasgalant khiid -Bayangol district. The
abbot of this monastery is Gantumur (female khando)
- Lamyn Gegeenii Dedlen Khiid LP 295
- Dashchoinkhorlon Khiid LP216
- Uvgun Khiid This monastery is at the foot of Khogno Khan Uul in the Bulgan Aimag and is
pretty much on the way from Ulaanbaatar to Kharkhorin. LP195
- Khamaryn Khiid (Tibetan name Sanagtegchinling).
A small temple established 150 years ago by the fifth Ravjaa Khutgtu (Noyon
Khotagt Danjanravjaa) in Hatnabulug Sum, close to Sainshand LP290
- Daschoilon Khural Khiid LP291
- Danzandarjaa Khiid. Located in Mörön, the capital of the
Khövsgöl Aimag. Möröngiin Khüree, the original monastery, was built
around 1890 and was housing 2000 monks. In June 1990 the new rebuilt
monastery was opened. According to the Lonely planet currently 30 monks of
all ages are being part of the monastery. The monastery is in the shape of a
ger and contains a collection of
- Erdene Zuu Monastery - The first Buddhist monastery in
Mongolia, now mainly functioning as a
museum although there is also an active part. In front of the entrance is a
big ger where traditional dances and music are performed to serve the
- Gandan Muntsaglan Khiid - Located in Arvaikhair.
Original monastery was destroyed in 1937, the current opened in 1991. About 50
monks are residential. LP187
- Amarbayasgalant Khiid LP227
- Kharagiin Khiid LP225
- Darkhan Buddhist Center Also in Darkhan a Buddhist center has
been started. It is located in an old school, which is rebuild in Taiwanese
- Dechindarjaa Khiid (;txny;gjrgg hna;)
Small monastery reopened in 1990 and now has fifty monks. Located in a ger
district 3,5 km to the north of the city centre of Uliastai, the capital of
Zavkhan Aimag. LP271
- "The Monastery of the Lama who separated milk from water"
Located near the village of Ider. Inhabited by a few monks. TNM27