Monasteries and temples in Mongolia


Introduction - Ulaanbaatar - Bayankhongor Aimag - Bulgan Aimag - Dornogov Aimag - Khentii Aimag

Khövsgöl Aimag - Övörkhangai Aimag - Selenge Aimag - Töv Aimag - Zavkhan Aimag

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During communist purges in the 1930´s most  monasteries in Mongolia have been destroyed. Monks have been killed or taken to Siberia, to be never heard from again. Since the fall of communism however there is a real revival of Buddhism taking place. Lama´s are trained again, old monasteries are being restored or rebuild at a different place and new monasteries arise. 

On this website you will find a, far from complete, overview of monasteries in Mongolia.

In general a monastery would consist of various buildings on a compound. One of these buildings is the main temple, where often - though not always - the main ceremonies take place. Like the door of a ger, the entry of a temple should be pointing to the south.



  • Gandantegchinlin Khiid - Active monastery
  • Dashchoilon Khiid (:gixkalky hna;) - Active monastery - The monastery was reopened on July 6 1990. On every 29th of the lunar month the sakhius (vghnev) ritual is performed. Its appearance is rather striking, the main temples are big stone gers which used to belong to the circus.
  • Gesar Süm (Utvtj vob) - Active monastery  
  • Lamrim Süm - Active monastery
  • Bakula Rinpoche Khiid - Active monastery
  • Otochmaaramba Khiid
  • Dambadarjaa Khiid (:gbdg;gjrgg hna;)
  • Öndör Geegen Zanabazar Monastery. Founded in 1970, there is a university and a library. (Greenway e.a. 1997: 129)
  • Deedbod Khiid. Located in the Yarmag district.


There are three nunneries in the city of Ulaanbaatar. Another one is located about fifty kilometers outside of the city.

  • Naro Khajid Khiid is located on the Westside of Ulaanbaatar in the Bayangol district, the "leader" of the monastery is Bassuvd and is supposed to be under influence of Guru Deva rinpoche.
  • Tara - Enkh - Located in Bayanzurkh district. The abbot's name was Padmatsetseg, but it is recently purchased by the FPMT who want to raise another nunnery.
  • Tugsbayasgalant khiid -Bayangol district. The abbot of this monastery is Gantumur (female khando)


Other organisations

  • Norbulinga foundation. Trade organization of Buddhist supplies, and is said to be the informal embassy of the Dalai Lama. Located near the DHL building, next to the  Selbe river.

  • FPMT - Federation for Preserving the Mahayana tradition. International organization headed by Lama Zopa Rinponche. Director of the Mongolian branch is Ueli Minder. Teachings are given by Thubten Gyatso. The Federation has a center near to the Zanabazar museum of Fine Arts, called Gandan Do Ngag Shedrup Ling, which was taken into practice in the summer of 2001

gandan2.jpg (47268 bytes)




Bayankhongor Aimag

  • Lamyn Gegeenii Dedlen Khiid LP 295


Bulgan Aimag

  • Dashchoinkhorlon Khiid LP216
  • Uvgun Khiid This monastery is at the foot of Khogno Khan Uul in the Bulgan Aimag and is pretty much on the way from Ulaanbaatar to Kharkhorin. LP195


Dornogov Aimag

  • Khamaryn Khiid  (Tibetan name Sanagtegchinling). A small temple established 150 years ago by the fifth Ravjaa Khutgtu (Noyon Khotagt Danjanravjaa) in Hatnabulug Sum, close to Sainshand LP290
  • Daschoilon Khural Khiid LP291


Khentii Aimag

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Khövsgöl Aimag

  • Danzandarjaa Khiid. Located in Mörön, the capital of the Khövsgöl Aimag. Möröngiin Khüree, the original monastery, was built around 1890 and was housing 2000 monks. In June 1990 the new rebuilt monastery was opened. According to the Lonely planet currently 30 monks of all ages are being part of the monastery. The monastery is in the shape of a ger and contains a collection of thankas.


Övörkhangai Aimag

  • Erdene Zuu Monastery - The first Buddhist monastery in Mongolia, now mainly functioning as a museum although there is also an active part. In front of the entrance is a big ger where traditional dances and music are performed to serve the tourists.  LP190
  • Gandan Muntsaglan Khiid - Located in Arvaikhair. Original monastery was destroyed in 1937, the current opened in 1991. About 50 monks are residential. LP187


Selenge Aimag

  • Amarbayasgalant Khiid LP227
  • Kharagiin Khiid LP225
  • Darkhan Buddhist Center Also in Darkhan a Buddhist center has been started. It is located in an old school, which is rebuild in Taiwanese style in 


Töv Aimag

  • Manzshir Khiid (bgyp=nj hna;) 46 kilometers southwards from Ulaanbaatar. Established in 1733 and once consisted of 20 temples while being inhabited by 350 monks. Now most of the complex is in ruins, only the restored main temple is now functioning as a museum. In the museum, next to information on the monastery and Buddhist art, there would be Ganlin Horns displayed  LP173
  • Arga Bileg - 45 km out of Ulaanbaatar. A Nimara tradition temple. Guru Deva rinpoche would have been involved.


Zavkhan Aimag

  • Dechindarjaa Khiid (;txny;gjrgg hna;) Small monastery reopened in 1990 and now has fifty monks. Located in a ger district 3,5 km to the north of the city centre of Uliastai, the capital of Zavkhan Aimag. LP271
  • "The Monastery of the Lama who separated milk from water" Located near the village of Ider. Inhabited by a few monks. TNM27


03-10-2002  Mongoluls.Net